Since the 1970s, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has gradually expanded the permitted use of flight simulation for training. Two new agency rules dealing with simulators and aviation training devices will improve airline pilots’ response to a number of unusual situations they may encounter, and give pilots more credit toward the requirements for an instrument rating.
The rule published on March 30 sets new standards for flight simulator evaluation and qualification. The new standards are designed to make simulator training and testing more accurate and realistic in scenarios involving stalls, upset recognition and recovery techniques, maneuvers in icing conditions, takeoffs and landings in gusting crosswinds, and bounced landing recovery. The FAA required training for most of these maneuvers in a rule published on November 12, 2013.
The new rule also addresses a possible lack of simulator fidelity identified in several NTSB safety recommendations and provides greater harmonization with international guidance for flight simulator training.
This article was published by the FAA in April 2016 – Read the full article on the FAA website here
Additionally, the Flight Simulation Training Device Qualification Guidance Advisory Circulars (AC) page links to a number of documents related to FSTD (Flight Simulation Training Devices) and their approval for training. They are here. Of particular interest section AC 121-14 Aircraft Simulator Evaluation and Approval.